2017 was a year marked by great advances that can completely revolutionize Medicine
- Research in the field of medicine can lead to finding cures for diseases that currently have no solution.
- Interested in science, students and medical professionals must know the latest advances in the field.
- The development of new technologies has allowed scientists to discover new cures and treatments.
The knowledge is constantly evolving thanks to scientists and researchers from all areas daily struggle to solve human problems or to answer riddles of all kinds.
In the area of Medicine , this evolution is particularly necessary to achieve the cure of diseases that every year claim the lives of thousands of people around the world. But in addition, it is important to understand the so-called rare or rare diseasest hat attack a small number of the population and in most cases do not have a certain cure.
As if that were not enough, knowledge in the area of medicine is also important to prevent diseases and prevent them from appearing. As well as to seek the general welfare of the entire population.
Fortunately, every year scientists and researchers dedicated to Medicine advance in the understanding of certain diseases and phenomena, solving some of the most complex enigmas in the area. The 2017 was no exception and in fact was an extremely productive year for the generation of knowledge related to medicine. We review the 10 most outstanding advances in the area :
1) Vaccine against typhus
Recommended by the World Health Organization, a new vaccine manages to prevent 9 out of 10 cases of typhoid fever. This virus affects 22 million people each year, killing more than 200,000. With this vaccine many lives could be saved, especially in the less developed countries where this disease is most prevalent.
2) Genetic edition
By means of the genetic edition the gene that generates that the person has a disease can be eliminated. So far this was only a theory, but in 2017 the Spanish scientist Francisco Mojica showed that it can be applied in reality.
3) Change the DNA
With genetic editing techniques, a group of scientists from the United States has successfully tried to modify the DNA of a patient with Hunter syndrome. With this method it is possible to eliminate the genes that create this disease and, at the same time, open the door to cure other diseases.
4) Vaccine against Zika
Although this vaccine is still in the experimental phase, it has shown that 90% of the participants in the trial responded positively, so it is expected that soon it will be formalized as the first vaccine to prevent the spread of this virus. .
5) Attack on superbugs
Some types of bacteria resist the effect of antibiotics, so they represent a great challenge for doctors. In 2017, researchers from the National Center for Biotechnology of CSIC in Spain managed to design molecules that directly affect the cells that make these bacteria resistant to antibiotics.
6) Early detection of cancer
Scientists at the Institute of Cancer Research in the United Kingdom are working on a method to detect markers associated with cancer. To perform this diagnosis, it is only necessary to perform a blood test. The method has not yet been completed, but promises great advances for the early detection of tumor cells.
7) Patches and insulin pumps
One of the main problems of diabetics is the constant need to insert insulin through injections. But in 2017 both pumps and insulin patches were created that eliminate the need to worry about needles.
8) 3D Fabrics
To solve problems caused by burns and other types of tissue damage, 3D bioprinters have evolved to the point of printing tissues completely adaptable to the human body.
9) Contact lenses to correct vision problems
Companies like Google and Samsung have worked tirelessly with teams of engineers and doctors to create bionic lenses that can improve vision problems in a definitive way, without the need to use traditional and sometimes uncomfortable glasses.
10) Frozen molecules
Jaques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2017 with their work that uses electronic cryomicroscopy to freeze molecules and understand their behavior. This technique allows to better understand the functioning of cells, create remedies to combat certain diseases and much more.