Automation could affect 40% of jobs in France April 2017
Technology affect jobs opportunities in France:
McKinsey’s latest prospective evaluation of the impact of digital on the labor market is relatively optimistic for France.
Three analysts at the McKinsey Institute have sought to quantify the percentage of jobs that could be automated based on the specification of national economies. They have studied some 50 countries, representing 80% of the workforce in the world. According to the results of their research published on April 12 in the Harvard Business Review, the potential for automation would be 40% to 55%, depending on the country. In France, 43% of work activities could be carried out.
They also sought to assess the impact of this automation on productivity in the global economy. They estimate that it could increase global GDP growth from 0.8% to 1.4% per year, assuming that people replaced by automation continue to be active and remain as productive. This increase in productivity therefore means that new jobs are created or at least existing jobs are being transformed.
Sect-oral variations between economies:
Differences in automation potential across countries reflect sect-oral variations across economies. Indeed, the activities most sensitive to automation are physical activities, production, as well as the collection and processing of data. Thus, automation should first affect the industrial, food and retail sectors.
The authors point out that it concerns not only the manual trades, but also the intermediate and highly skilled trades. This explains why in France, where the industrial sector is in decline, the potential for automation is among the lowest in the world, while countries where industry still weighs in the economy is higher, as in Japan (55.7%) or China (51.2%).
In Europe, only the United Kingdom and Norway have a lower percentage than France, due to a very high …
Jobs in France 2017